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Installations and Refinishing

Rite Floor of San Jose, California, provides in person flooring consultation and estimate for residential hardwood flooring projects. We first discuss the type of hard surface flooring you want and then take accurate measurements of each room. After showing you floor samples, we offer several pricing options with each based on the flooring brand and supplier.


SOLID HARDWOOD, ENGINEERED HARDWOOD & CUSTOM HARDWOOD – SEE OUR GALLERY PAGE

So you’ve decided to replace your old floors and you’re looking for the perfect hardwood flooring. Besides the wood species (oak, birch, maple, teak, etc.,) the color, the width of the plank (wider planks are trending 5” plus), solid wood or engineered wood, prefinished or custom hardwood flooring, you now have to decide which brand / manufacturer / company to go with. And the scary part is there are too many and you don’t know the quality of the wood flooring you’re looking into besides the pricing and general descriptions. We can help!

Know the grade of the wood. There are 6 grades:

  1. Clear Grade (highest quality) hardwood has the most color uniformity, no knots, no mineral streaks and the boards are longer than other grade
  2. Select and Better Grade hardwood have color variation, long board lengths, some minor mineral streaks and tiny knots
  3. Select Grade hardwood slightly more color variation than Select and Better
  4. Number # 1 Common hardwood (aka Character, Traditional, Cottage) – here you will see color variation between boards with some dark mineral streaks and knots with possible pinholes
  5. Number # 2 Common hardwood (aka Country or Rustic) – shorter board lengths and lots of color variation. Dark mineral streaks, medium sized knots and possible pinholes
  6. Not recommended
Laminate Floor

Let us be your guide and help you with the selection process.

Custom Hardwood – there just isn’t anything you saw that you liked. Perhaps you have a specific color / hue / tone or a particular design in mind (herringbone, basket weave, borders and inlays), then consider a design consultation. See our gallery page for some of our custom floors.

Solid & Engineered woods – there are pros and cons to both solid and engineered wood floors. Solid isn’t always better. High quality engineered wood with thick wear layer and multiple cross layers can offer all of the advantages of solid wood and more. Generally speaking, solid wood is ¾” thick and engineered is 5/8”. Solid wood being thicker with longer board lengths offer more dimensional stability when walked on and doesn’t flex like the shorter, thinner engineered wood flooring. It all depends on the need such as where is the flooring going to be installed? Basement? over concrete slab? Foot traffic – how much maintenance is the floor going to require over the years? The right questions will determine which product is best.


Laminate Floors

Laminate Floors

LAMINATE, LUXURY VINYL PLANKS & TILES


Laminate flooring – maybe you don’t like wood flooring and are perfectly content with laminate flooring. Many fall into this category. Just like solid or engineered wood, laminates come in a variety of quality and selection. Laminates come in different thickness but we recommend 10 mils or better. Pergo brand offers wide range of style and color variation – 10 mils thick. For better dimensional stability there are 12.3 and 15 mils thick laminate flooring available. 

Laminate construction consists of the bottom stabilizing backing layer, the middle substrate high density fiberboard, the pattern picture layer, and the protective wear layer on top. Laminate is water-resistant but NOT water-proof. It is not recommended to install in kitchens or bathrooms.


LUXURY VINYL PLANK (LVP)

Luxury Vinyl Plank – maybe you don’t like ceramic or porcelain tiles. You’re not alone. LVP (luxury vinyl plank) and LVT (luxury vinyl tile) are water-proof because they are made with vinyl and is plastic in nature. They are also warm underfoot because it is made of vinyl, unlike the cool ceramic and porcelain tiles and also provides better traction (not slippery!) LVP and LVT come in “wood” and “stone” look and design

Luxury Vinyl Plank

REFINISHING HARDWOOD

WOOD FLOOR FINISHES

When choosing the finish for wood floors, consider your lifestyle and maintenance preferences. All wood floors will require routine maintenance, such as sweeping or dust mopping, to keep them looking beautiful and new, but the finish will have a big impact on how the floor is maintained long-term, as well as how it will look in the years to come.

SHEEN

Each finish option comes in a variety of sheens. Each sheen has a different level of shine, which will impact the appearance of the floor.  Gloss sheens offer the most shine and reflect the most light.  Semi-gloss sheens offer less shine than gloss and will reflect less light than gloss, but more light than satin. Satin sheens offer less shine than semi-gloss and will reflect less light than semi-gloss, but more light than matte. Matte sheens offer the least shine and will reflect the least light. This finish also is sometimes referred to as flat. 

SURFACE FINISHES 

Surface finishes are durable, water-resistant, and require minimal maintenance. They remain on the surface of the wood to form a protective coating and are considered to be film-forming. There are several types of surface finishes available: 

Refinishing Hardwood

- Water-based finishes are clear and will resist turning yellow over time. They are very durable.
- Oil-based finishes are amber in color. They are very durable.
- Moisture-cured finishes are clear to amber in color. They are extremely durable and are more moisture-resistant than other
   surface finishes.
- Conversion varnish finishes are clear to slightly amber in color. They are very durable.
- Wax finishes soak into the wood and harden to form a protective penetrating seal, which will appear low luster and amber in
   color. They are durable, but can show spots from water and other contaminates.
- UV cured finishes are finishes that are instantly cured using ultraviolet light.  Multiple sheens are available.

Other Finishes

Other types of finishes include the following:

Natural oil finishes
 can be penetrating oils or hard wax oil finishes. They penetrate into the pores of the wood to achieve a durable, long-lasting finish.

Popular Wood Species

Ash White
Top portion is finished with water-base finish; bottom with oil-based finish

Color: Heartwood is light tan to dark brown; sapwood is creamy white. Similar in appearance to white oak, but frequently more yellow.

Grain:  Bold, straight, moderately open grain with occasional wavy figuring. Can have strong contrast in grain in plainsawn boards.

Ash White

Birch

Birch
Top portion is finished with water-base finish; bottom with oil-based finish

Color: In yellow birch sapwood is creamy yellow pale while; heartwood is light reddish brown tinged with red. In sweet birch sapwood is light colored and heartwood is dark brown tinged with red.

Grain: Medium figuring, straight, closed grain, even texture. Occasional curly grain or wavy figure in some boards


Maple
Top portion is finished with water-base finish; bottom with oil-based finish 

Color: Heartwood is creamy white to light reddish brown; sapwood is pale to creamy white.

Grain: Closed, subdued grain, with medium figuring and uniform texture. Occasionally shows quilted, fiddleback, curly or bird's-eye figuring. Figured boards often culled during grading and sold at a premium.

Maple

Red Oak

Red Oak
Top portion is finished with water-base finish; bottom with oil-based finish

Color: Heartwood and sapwood are similar, with sapwood lighter in color; most pieces have a reddish tone. Slightly redder than white oak.

Grain: Open, slightly coarser (more porous) than white oak. Plainsawn boards have a plumed or flared grain appearance; riftsawn has a tighter grain pattern, low figuring; quartersawn has a flake pattern, sometimes called tiger rays or butterflies.


White Oak
Top portion is finished with water-base finish; bottom with oil-based finish

Color: Heartwood is light brown; some boards may have a pinkish tint or a slight grayish cast. Sapwood is white to cream.

Grain: Open, with longer rays than red oak. Occasional crotches, swirls and burls. Plainsawn boards have a plumed or flared grain appearance; riftsawn has a tighter grain pattern, low figuring; quartersawn has a flake pattern, sometimes called tiger rays or butt.

White Oak

Hickory

Hickory Pecan
Top portion is finished with water-base finish; bottom with oil-based finish

Color: Pecan heartwood is reddish brown with dark brown stripes; sapwood is white or creamy white with pinkish tones. Hickory heartwood is tan or reddish; sapwood is white to cream, with fine brown lines.

Grain:
  Pecan is open, occasionally wavy or irregular. Hickory is closed, with moderate definition; somewhat rough-textured.